Be My Valentine
We say “I love you” to our pets in various ways. Whether it be an affectionate nuzzle, head petting, belly rub, kiss or of course treats, these gestures serve to strengthen our bond with our beloved companions. With a variety of treats available now, either homemade or purchased from the store pre-packaged, here are some common ingredients to avoid.
Xylitol, a sugar-free sweetener found in some candies, gums and mints is poisonous. Even small amounts of this substance can cause a sudden drop in blood sugar (Hypoglycemia) and liver failure in dogs. Toxicity is yet to be established in other species such as in cats or ferrets, but it is far better to be safe than sorry.
- Chocolate and Caffeine
Chocolate and caffeine toxicity can range from moderate to severe/life threatening in dogs and cats due to the presence of methylxanthines. Ingestion, even in small amounts, have the potential for toxic effects. Signs of toxicity can be as mild as vomiting and diarrhea or as severe as abnormal high body temperature and breathing rhythms, seizures or in severe cases death.
- Macadamia Nuts and Walnuts
Macadamia nuts contain an unknown toxin that can result in neurological symptoms. Being rich in fat is another reason these nuts should be avoided as they may cause an upset stomach or possible pancreatitis.
Walnuts (English, Japanese, Black) can all cause an upset stomach as well as an obstruction in your pet’s body. If mouldy, toxins produced by the fungi may result in seizures or neurological symptoms.
- Raisins and Grapes
Both have been identified as culprits in acute kidney failure in pets, although the specific toxin is unknown. It is suspected that perhaps bacteria, fungi or even the fertilizers used may be responsible for this, so even the smallest amount of consumption should be treated with the potential to cause significant toxic effects.
Stop by the clinic to pick up treats that are both safe and delicious for your fur babies this Valentines.
Chicken/Beef/Salmon Patties by Fresh Rx
Apple Pumpkin Biscuits by Rayne
Hypoallergenic Treats by Hills
This article was written by Eushauna Clarke, Registered Veterinary Technician, of Fifth Avenue Veterinary Clinic. We provide team-based vet care for pets and their families from our animal hospital in Orangeville, Ontario. POSTED: 2018-02-02